Bob Burman


(1884 - 1916)
Blitzen Benz #1
Bain News Service, between ca. 1910 and ca. 1915 Source - Library of Congress

Blitzen Benz #1
Bain News Service, between ca. 1910 and ca. 1915 Source - Library of Congress

Blitzen Benz #1
Bain News Service, between ca. 1910 and ca. 1915 Source - Library of Congress

Blitzen Benz #1
Car after the crash

Blitzen Benz #1

Blitzen Benz #1

Blitzen Benz #1

Blitzen Benz #1

Blitzen Benz #1

Blitzen Benz #1

Bob Burman and his Benz rocketed down the beach at Daytona and held the world landspeed record for 8 years at 141.732 mph

Date Location Driver Driver Country Vehicle Power Speed over
1 Km
Speed over
1 Mile
April 23, 1910 Daytona Beach, USA Bob Burman USA Blitzen Benz #1
4-cylinder in-line
IC 141.370 mph   Was not recognized by the AIACR (Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus), based in Paris. After this run AIACR laid down a new and fair rule for record attempts. They stipulated that attempts must be made in two directions to rule out any assist from wind. Americans however did not recognize this rule.

When the famous Barney Oldfield was suspended from racing, Bob Burman took over as Benz' driver.
Described here:
Thereafter Oldfield barnstormed the nation with the Benz, until that fall, when he engineered a match race against the heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson—a fine gimmick but illegal because Johnson was not an accredited race driver. Suspended by the AAA for a year, Oldfield raced in Mexico for a while, then sold the Benz to his manager, Ernie Moross, announced his retirement, and opened a saloon in Los Angeles.

To Oldfield’s considerable chagrin, Moross returned the Benz to the beach at Daytona in April 1911. His driver was Bob Burman, as shy as Oldfield was gregarious, but easily as fearless. There were no challengers to the car this time, but still, a large crowd gathered along the measured mile to watch Burman try for a new record.

“‘Here he comes—there he goes!’ summed up the story of the ride in a nutshell,” reported The Horseless Age after the run. Burman’s speed was 141.732 mph—a full ten miles an hour faster than Oldfield’s. This is not to suggest that Burman was the better driver; Barney had typically held back during his Benz run so he could promote another “go-for-the-record” exhibition. Needless to say, Oldfield was furious and came out of retirement to seek vengeance. But the “fastest speed at which man has ever traveled over the earth’s surface” belonged to Burman for eight years. So phenomenal was 141-plus mph that automobile makers throughout the world were loath to consider building a car to attempt to top it.
“Me and the Benz, here,” said Barney Oldfield, “we’re gonna warm up the sand a little.”

Resumption of the Florida Speed Carnivals would have been anticlimactic after Burman’s run, so it served as the fitting finale. In 1902, when Olds and Winton were clocked at 57 mph on the beach outside the Ormond Hotel, there had been little motor sport elsewhere in America. Now there was lots—road races in Savannah, Georgia; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Santa Monica, California; Elgin, Illinois; and Fairmount Park in Philadelphia. The first of the board tracks had opened at Playa del Rey in California. And on a new brick speedway in Indianapolis, on Memorial Day weekend in 1911, promoters held a five-hundred-mile race that they promised would be an annual affair.
From this article about the Dawn of Speed:

April 8, 1916
Racer Bob Burman crashed through a barrier into the crowd at the last Boulevard Race in Corona, California. Burman, his riding mechanic Eric Scroeder, and a track policeman were killed, and five spectators were badly injured.


FLINT, Michigan — “Wild” Bob Burman died doing what he loved the most — auto racing.

The Imlay City native was an open-wheel pioneer, setting numerous speed and victory standards in the early 1900s.

The former Flint resident died in a road race on April 8, 1916 in Corona. Calif. He was 31 years old. Ironically, his tragic death led to the introduction of new safety equipment.

His friends Barney Oldfield and Harry Miller — both pioneers in racing and car building — joined forces and built a race car that incorporated a roll cage inside a streamlined driver's compartment that completely enclosed the driver.

The car they constructed was called the Golden Submarine.

“It's very sad he had to die like he did,” said Clio resident Ben Wright, whose wife, Laura Wright, is Burman's great-granddaughter. “He was instrumental in every phase in what they are doing today. The roll cages, the safety belts, the neck restraints, they didn't have any of it. The racers of today have benefited from what Bob went through.”

Burman was recently honored for his achievements when he was inducted into the National Sprint Car Hall of Fame on June 4 in Knoxville, Iowa.

“His life was dedicated to creating a car that would be fast and furious,” Laura Wright said. “He was very innovative. I’m sure (his innovations) helped progress cars to where they are today.”

Burman’s racing career started to take off in 1906 while he was working as a “head tester” for the Jackson Automobile Company.Imaly City native and former Flint resident Bob Burman driving his Blitzen Benz race car in the early 1900s. Burman was inducted into the National Sprint Car Hall of Fame on June 4, 2011.

With a loaned car from the company, he captured a 50-mile race in Grosse Pointe. Later that year, he finished first in a 24-hour endurance contest in St. Louis, beating his competition by 82 miles.

Two years later, while he was working at the Buick plant in Jackson, William C. “Billy” Durant asked Burman to form a Buick Racing Team.

Among others, the team Burman put together consisted of Arthur and Louis Chevrolet.

With Burman leading the way, the team was one of the best in the country, taking 500 trophies during its four-year existence from 1908-11.

Burman captured the first feature automobile race at Indianapolis Motor Speedway — Prest-O-Lite 250 — on Aug. 19, 1909 en route to finishing in fourth place in the American Automobile Association final standings.


Imlay City native and former Flint resident Bob Burman
“They absolutely thrashed the competition from one end of the country to the next,” Buick Racing Team historian Terry Dunham said. “They were an incredibly aggressive group and they were extremely knowledgeable when it came to building a race car. They were miles and miles ahead of their time.”

After the team disbanded, Burman continued to further his career. 

He set a world land-speed record of 141.732 mph on April 23, 1911 in Daytona, Fla.  before taking 19th place in the first Indy 500 on May 30.

Burman competed in five Indy 500s overall, with his best finish being sixth in 1915.  His best season was arguably 1912 where he notched 41 top-two finishes in 43 starts, including 33 checkered flags.

He was credited with holding 13 records at the time of his death.

“He was a natural competitor from both an attitude and coordination standpoint,” Dunham said. “He had an extremely competitive and aggressive attitude. He was a natural driver.”

From the Michigan Motor Sports Hall of Fame

Inducted into the Michigan Motor Sports Hall of Fame in 1983.

When most people think of the early days of auto racing, they automatically think of the Barney Oldfield name. However, if you really want to take the time to investigate the factual information available, you would come up with an entirely different name, that of Bob Burman.

Born in Imlay City, Michigan on April 23, 1884 and later moving to Jackson, Bob became an employee of the Jackson Automobile Company. At the tender age of 17 he won his first race, a local 5 mile match race. In 1906, his employer loaned him a car, which he entered and won a 50-mile race in Detroit.

Next was a 24 hour endurance race at St. Louis, MO. Teaming up with Ernest Kelly, Burman not only won, but beat the competition by 82 miles, driving 22-1/2 hours himself.

Burman's star was rising rapidly and now the Buick Company signed him as a salaried factory driver. Bob won the first race he was entered in, under the Buick colors, the 187-mile Garden City Sweepstakes on Long Island.

February 1909 found him winning the 100-mile  Mardi  Gras Festival event in New Orleans with a record time of 1:42:39.4. In July at Columbus, Ohio, Bob bettered the mark with a 1:41:00 clock­ing for the 100 miles.

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway was opened on August 1921, 1909 with a series of races held. Burman won the inaugural race, the 250-mile Presto-O-Lite Trophy dash, beating out Louis Chev­rolet. In his first full season with AAA, Bob finished 4th with 1,000 championship points among 70 drivers.

1910 at Indianapolis, Burman won the Speedway Helmet in a 10-mile sprint, which paid him a $50 weekly salary as long as he held it. In July he returned to Indianapolis and romped off with the G&J Trophy race, beating Louis Chevrolet. The following day Bob set a record of 1:23:43, to win the Remy Grand Brassard trophy in a 100-mile race. Burman's year was closed out by adding the 20 & 50-mile beach records of Jacksonville, Florida along with one-hour record of 81.65 miles.

On his 27th birthday, April 23, 1911, Burman celebrated by smashing the one-mile record at 141.73 MPH breaking the old record, set by Barney Oldfield in the same car by 10 MPH.

A month later, Bob Burman was named "World's Speed King," with a $10,000 crown covered with je­wels when he broke the track record at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, with a time of 35.25 seconds (102.127 MPH). On July 4, 1911 at Brighten Beach, N.Y., a track near Coney Island, a crowd of 15,000 watched Burman set a new world dirt track record of 48.72 seconds.

Bad luck seemed to dog Burman in 1912. Running in 2nd place at the Indianapolis 500 on the 153rd lap, his car blew two rear tires simultan­eously and flipped, putting him in the hospital for a week. Labor Day found Bob back at Brighten Beach, New York breaking the world dirt track re­cord again at 48.85 seconds. The car was taken to the beach at San Diego, California and on December 26th Bob was clocked at 129 MPH before his car burst into flames and he drove it into the ocean to extinguish the fire.

Burman excelled on the dirt in 1912. Out of 43 races entered, he won 33 and was 2nd 8 times, earning him the "Driver of the Year" award.

On his way to Indianapolis, Bob stopped off at Oklahoma City, when on April 29, 1915 he drove the last 100 miles of a 200 mile race with one broken goggle and a splinter of glass imbedded in his eye, causing him great pain, but still winning the race.

That same year found Burman finishing 6th at the Indy 500, his best finish there.

Bob Burman had had a brilliant career and was still in his prime when on the fateful day of April 8, 1916, running in a race through the streets of Corona, California his car flipped as he was pushing it to the limit to catch the leader. In his prime at age 32, Bob Burman paid the supreme sacrifice in the sport of auto racing. He gave his greatest possession, his life, for his greatest love, that of racing.


Bob Burman being crowned "Speed King" at the 1911 Indy 500 by A.R. Pardington (0:18 seconds):